When shopping for CBD, you’ve probably come across products labeled as full spectrum, broad spectrum, or CBD isolate. While the three terms may sound similar, they are far from the same.
Setting out to buy CBD products for the first time can be a confusing process, therefore understanding the difference between the three major types of CBD products is one of the most important first steps on your CBD journey.
Once you understand the difference between them, you’ll be better equipped to make an educated decision on which CBD oil product to buy for your needs. Without the proper education it's easy to get lost, or worse, buy a product that isn't right for you. That's why here at the CBD LAB we are here to help educate you on CBD and give you the correct advice on the products that are best suited to you as an individual.
In this article, we’re going to shed some light on this important subject by explaining the difference between the CBD types so you can have more confidence in what you are buying.
What Are Cannabinoids, and Why Do They Matter
Within the Cannabis plant, there is a classification of compounds known as cannabinoids.
Among these are CBD and THC, along with over a hundred others which scientists have discovered naturally occurring within different Cannabis strains.
These cannabinoids are super important to us as Humans.
In 1995, researchers discovered that, by interacting with receptors (CB1,CB2) in the human Endocannabinoid System (ECS), cannabinoids like CBD could deliver unique health benefits to the body. Later, they discovered that each cannabinoid could affect the body differently.
For example, while THC delivers the psychoactive effects associated with “getting high,” CBD does not. In fact, CBD can actually counteract the psychoactive effects of THC.
With various ranges of effects delivered by other cannabinoids like Cannabigerol (CBG) and Cannabinol (CBN), the full collection of cannabinoids forms what is referred to as the “cannabinoid spectrum.”
Exploring the Cannabinoid Spectrum
As you’ve probably figured out, the cannabinoid spectrum range contained within a product is what determines whether the product is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or CBD isolate.
So, how does that work exactly?
To create a CBD product, the cannabinoid content is extracted from the Cannabis plant, using methods such as CO2 extraction.
During this process, other compounds found within the plant are also extracted, including terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids.
Depending on the strain and classification used for extraction, the composition and cannabinoid profile will differ and manufacturers will choose to extract from a strain of Cannabis that best suits their needs.
Once extracted, they can then choose to refine the extract to contain only specific cannabinoids and plant parts.
The contents of the refined extract are what determines if the CBD extract is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or CBD isolate.
What is Full Spectrum CBD?
Full spectrum CBD is an extract that contains all compounds found naturally occurring in the plant, including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids such as THC (below the UK legal limit), CBDa, CBG, CBN. Usually, these will be in ratios that were naturally-occurring and extracted from the plant and specific strain.
The full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils extracted from the plant work together to magnify the therapeutic benefits of each individual cannabinoid. This is commonly referred to as the “entourage effect“ and is something that broad spectrum and isolate products will lack.
We find that full spectrum products are by far the most popular.
What is CBD Isolate?
CBD Isolate products will have nothing but the cannabinoid CBD in them as the CBD has literally been isolated from everything else.
In scientific terms, an isolate is the purest form of a compound, which is produced by singularly extracting that compound from its environment and isolating it from all other compounds.
With that being said, CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD, which is produced by removing all other compounds found in the plant including terpenes, flavonoids, plant parts, and other cannabinoids.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD?
Broad spectrum CBD contains zero THC and is a bit of a mix between Full Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate.
Like Full Spectrum CBD, the other compounds found within the plant are preserved in the extract; however, like CBD Isolate, THC is completely removed.
These products have often gone through additional processing to try to isolate and remove as much THC as possible while still maintaining the other cannabinoids and terpenes.
Because Broad Spectrum CBD contains multiple cannabinoids, it can deliver the enhanced benefits of the “entourage effect,” without the risk of psychoactive effects of THC.
Which One Is Right For Me?
Now you have a better understanding of the different CBD types, you may be wondering which one is the better type and which one will suit you best.
While there is much debate on which form is better, typically most people are in favour of full spectrum CBD oil products. There are many that believe that other cannabinoids, THC especially, are necessary to take full advantage of what cannabis has to offer.
Ultimately, however, we are all different and it comes down to the individual user and their needs.
There are many factors that determine how a cannabinoid will impact the body, such as the chemical makeup of the individual, the individual's health needs, the weight of the individual, and the individual’s history with other substances.
For some, Broad Spectrum CBD may be the best choice as it delivers the full benefits of the Cannabis plant without the THC content. For others, a high-dosage of pure CBD isolate may do the trick and others may need the benefits from a Full Spectrum that only THC can provide.
When it comes to taking CBD there isn't one size fits all so it may take some time and experimenting to figure out what works best for you. It's important to remember to start low and work your way up slowly if needed.
We are always here to help and will always offer you the correct advice to ensure you have a pleasant CBD experience.

No comments so far.

Leave a Reply